TERRORISM; More than Just Radical Muslims! Radical Eco’s, Animo’s and Narco’s….Now Listen to Mayor Bloomberg and Turn-over your Guns and your 2nd Amendment Right to Own Them!!!
You would think that a multi-billion-dollar War on Terrorism would not be limited to international terrorism, but would include some kind of action against eco-terrorists who attack chinchilla farms, throw dye on fur coats, attacks on pharma companies doing research, burn down legitimate businesses and deliberately disrupt military training and testing. I’m no lawyer, but at the very least, many of these cases appear to be organized crimes as defined in (18 U.S.C. � 1961), the RICO laws, and most of them probably constitute “interference with commerce by threats or violence” as defined in (18 U.S.C. � 1951).
So why aren’t these people already in prison?
Ironically, radical environmentalists, anti-war and animal rights activists destroy property and provoke violent confrontations in the name of non-violence. Moreover, they are legally incorporated nonprofit organizations under U.S. tax law. (CLICK HERE)*
However, many environmental activists don’t even maintain the pretense of non-violence. Some organizations, like the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), openly condone and endorse violent activities against legal businesses, and even offer detailed advice; (CLICK HERE) about what to do and how to get away with it.
More information about misguided animal rights activists (mainly the non-violent ones) can be found here.
TYPES OF TERRORISM:
There are other types of terrorism such, two of which are discussed in this site, namely ecoterrorism and narcoterrorism. New forms of terrorism or derivatives of the major types of terrorism will emerge over time.
Ecoterrorism has taken a prominent place in the media in recent years. Besides stories of arson and fire-bombings perpetrated by known ecoterrorists appearing in major newspapers in all countries of the world, there have been many books written about this topic. However, the Federal Government of the United States does not mention ecoterrorism in its Patriot Act.
There are many definitions for ecoterrorism, and most of them are controversial, here we present two of them:
“Threats and acts of violence against people and property, vandalism, sabotage and intimidation, committed in the name of environmentalism” (Arnold, 1997)
“The use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by and environmentally-oriented group” (FBI’s Domestic Terrorism Section)
The targets of ecoterrorists are varied, they include: automobile companies, forestry companies, both private and university-based medical research laboratories, furriers, hunters and anglers, even farmers and commercial fishermen, outdoor sportsmen, circuses, zoos and rodeos and consumers of animals as food, clothing, medicine or services, including entertainment.
History of Ecoterrorism
The ecoterrorist movement began in the 1960s, when a group of animal rights advocates in England formed the Hunt Saboteurs Association, and spent a lot of money and time on sabotaging fox hunts. Then, in 1972, they became the “Band of Mercy”, a much more violent activist group that damaged property and held frequent meetings and parties in rich country houses, attracting many new advocates this way.
In 1975, Peter Singer, an Australian author wrote a book titled “Animal Liberation”, one of the first books to cover animal rights and also one of the most influential, motivated some groups like ALF (Animal Liberation Front) to be more active and rather more violent in their protest activities. In his book, Singer says that any living being that has a face, must have a soul and is able to feel pain and sadness.
All these organizations present their tactics in their own websites, which mostly consist of arson, graffiti and vandalism, but they usually target big companies, causing a lot of damage.
This is one of the most extreme animal rights group in the U.S. Their purpose is to “inflict economic damage to those who profit from the misery and exploitation of animals” (ALF website)
Their principal activities include freeing animals from their labs and from zoos and general property destruction.
During the 1980s and 1990s, ALF was responsible for many fire bombings as well as other sabotaging activities like the sinking of a whaling ship in Vancouver in the late 1980s and the sending of many letters rigged with razor blades to hunting trip guides in Canada and the U.S.
In the 1980s one of the most important environmentalist groups that only occasionally resorted to vandalism, graffiti and tagging with stickers to draw attention to themselves and their protests was Earth First!, which is still active today and publishes the Earth First! Journal, the leading magazine for environmentalists and animal rights advocates. However, the disrupting activities of Earth First! were considered mild by some of its members, who decided to form the Earth Liberation Front, ELF.
The first large-scale attack by ELF was the 1997 burning down of a horse corral Oregon, the corral was property of the BLM (Bureau of Land Management)
In 2003 ELF targeted car and other vehicle companies, firebombing two storage yards and causing 1.5 million dollar damage. Some of the vehicles had graffiti on them, with anti-war slogans. Also, in Alabama, other vehicles were similarly spray-painted with the same anti-war statements.
In 1998, a British television broadcast a very graphic documentary and its producers claimed to have filmed it at the Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) facilities. This was a firm that utilized animals for research. Thus the new group, Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty, or SHAC, was created, borrowing heavily from the methods and ideas of both ALF and ELF.
SHAC currently has important chapters in several European countries like Germany, Italy and Portugal, as well as in the United States.
While most ecoterrorist groups claim to do no harm to humans or animals and a good percentage of ecoterrorists were mostly involved in “monkeywrenching”, that is, ‘nonviolent resistance to the destruction of natural diversity and wilderness’ (Arnold, 1997), and they aim their attacks at equipment or machinery, and try to minimize danger to humans.
In 2000, for example, reacting to a published report on miles/gallon fuel efficiency and the fact that Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs) travel 13 miles per gallon, a small group of monkeywrenchers later known as the “Mad Taggers” elaborated a series of homemade stickers with messages like: “If You Love America, Get Rid of Your SUV” or “I Don’t Care About the Air” stenciled on them, and began tagging the windows of SUVs parked in public areas. The owners of the vehicles got very irritated since the stickers were hard to remove and the taggers were really persistent, however no serious damage was caused by the Mad Taggers.
On the other hand, some cells or subgroups do consider the protection of the environment and the lives of animals as enough justification for harming people. Indeed, there have been several cases, for which ALF and some of his allied sub-groups or cells, have taken responsibility, in which violent actions have been perpetrated against university researchers, owners of hunting outfits, etc. like letter-bombs or letters filled with razorblades, and threats.
Another example of a violent ecoterrorist is the Unabomber, Theodore Kaczynski, who was captured by the FBI in 1996 and taken to court in 1997, Kaczynski had targeted university researchers in the fields of genetics, computer science and psychology, among others.
Ecoterrorists communicate through the Internet, online bulletin boards, mailing lists and chat rooms. They form a network of environmental extremists all over the world. There are many websites with detailed information to prepare attacks of varying impact. The most important groups also publish their own magazines, newsletters, chapbooks, etc. The ALF Primer provides operational instructions and advice and is available for download on several Web sites.
On September 11th of 2001, ALF fire-bombed a McDonald’s restaurant in Arizona, causing hundreds of thousands of dollars’ damage. In the next two years, there would be more incidents involving incendiary devices and fire bombings in McDonald’s restaurants, the one in Chico, California, being one of the most notorious. ALF accepted responsibility for all these acts. They spray-painted the slogan “Meat is Murder” on some of the restaurant walls.
More than 20 million dollars in damage is caused by illicit activities like the MacDonald’s bombing in the past 2 years alone, and the combined activities of both ALF and ELF have caused more than 40 million dollars in damage since 1996. (Arnold, 1997)
There are some organizations that provide funding for ecoterrorists, one of them is the PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) who once paid $45,000 in fees to defend and free animal rights activist Rodney Coronado, who had bombed an animal research laboratory in the University of Michigan. The public considered it an outrageous amount that could have been used to fund animal shelters and educational programs (the purported activities of PETA), PETA has also been linked to terrorist actions perpetrated by other members of ALF.
There is a well-defined difference between a conservationist group, like Greenpeace, and an ecoterrorist group like ELF. The ecoterrorist group states that the environment is to be protected at the expense of civilization and resort to violence and law-breaking to reach their goals, while the conservationist group works within and along with the system in order to protect the environment and species. Some cells or subgroups oppose to all modernization and target mainly construction companies that are exclusively seen as threats to the natural environment.
Ecoterrorism differs from other forms of terrorism principally in that it recognizes no political lines and doesn’t fight any government and it is aimed at inflicting economical damage to those that are supposedly profiting from the exploitation of animals and the environment. Some ecoterrorists engage in violent acts, using environmentalism as a justification.
Ecoterrorism in Fiction
One of the most recent and controversial books that deals with the subject of ecoterrorism is State of Fear by Harvard graduate Michael Crichton, a novel that tries to realistically portray ecoterrorism and in which Crichton accuses environmentalist organizations that have gone radical, of instilling a State of Fear in the world population. The novel describes the activities of a group of ecoterrorists that are funded by important international organizations and have the apparently unlikely plan of creating a tsunami by detonating a series of bombs on the shores of several islands in the Pacific.
State of Fear was published in 2004 and what sets this book apart from all novels about ecoterrorism is its appendix and its 20-page annotated bibliography, followed by the author’s well-informed opinion on global warming and ecoterrorism. Crichton has given several lectures on global warming in the United States, he maintains that global warming is a myth. This has caused that many ecoterrorist groups like ELF, have gone against him and have even sent him serious mail and email threats
The term narcoterrorism is used to describe the activities of known terrorist organizations like Al-Qaeda, Hezbolla, FARC and AUC, that are funded through narcotraffic, but the term had its origins in the early 1980s, when the then president of Peru Belaunde Terry first used it to describe the devastating attacks against his anti-narcotics police by drug traffickers in Peru and surrounding Latin American countries.
Sometimes terrorist organizations are helped by and funded by narcotraffic groups that can perpetrate attacks and other crimes and in general cause damage to civilians and draw the attention of the authorities and law enforcement groups.
By the mid-80s, narcoterrorism was being actively fought by the United States, which began a series of military operations to exert control over the strong Colombian Medellin cocaine cartel, led by Pablo Emilio Escobar, known in the media as “King Coke”, this narcotics group funded the activities of Colombian terrorists that caused innumerable deaths through a number of attacks led by Escobar. He surrendered to Colombian authorities in 1991.
The utilization of drug traffic to reach certain goals by terrorist organizations or groups.
Narcoterrorism is a crime that affects human rights and world peace among other important human values. The younger portion of the population in most countries is the most affected by drug use, which leads to violence and crime. Narcoterrorist organizations, then, use young people as a weapon.